Deer Fly Bites Can Cause Severe Diseases

Deer flies can be pests to cattle, horses, and humans. A distinguishing characteristic of a deer fly is patterned gold or green eyes. Predators of the deer fly  include nest-building wasps and hornets, dragonflies, and some birds including the killdeer.
Deer flies are a genus that belongs to the family commonly called horse-flies. They are smaller than wasps, and they have coloured eyes and dark bands across their wings. While female deer flies feed on blood, males instead collect pollen. When feeding, females use knife-like mandibles and maxillae to make a cross-shaped incision and then lap up the blood. Their bite can be extremely painful, and allergic reaction from the saliva of the fly can result in further discomfort and health concerns. Pain and itch are the most common symptoms, but more significant allergic reactions can develop.
They are often found in damp environments, such as wetlands or forests. They lay clusters of shiny black eggs on the leaves of small plants by water. The aquatic larvae feed on small insects and pupate in the mud at the edge of the water.Adults are potential vectors of tularemia, anthrax and loa loa filariasis.

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