Bug Archives: Greenhead

> What Are Horseflies? How Do They Bite? How To Treat Those Bites?

Horsefly Bites and Treatment
Horsefly bites are quite painful and cause red bumps and itching. They can be treated with various creams, medications and home remedies. Let’s have a look at what these nasty bites can be like and how to treat them.

Horseflies are big, hairy flies, they are also called March flies or gadflies. There are more than 3,000 varieties of horseflies found all over the world, three of which are the green-head horsefly, striped horse fly and black horsefly. Horseflies live and breed in marshy or wet areas close to water bodies, and are more active in a warm and sunny climate. They play an important role in the pollination of a variety of flora. Male horseflies feed on nectar and pollen, while female horseflies feed on the blood of mammals. However, if a human is bitten by one, it can be really painful and may develop an infection or blood-borne disease as well, which can take up to several days to be fully treated.

How a Horsefly Bites

Horseflies bite and cut the skin with the help of their mandible-like, serrated scimitars (a convex shaped point). They slice off the top layer of the flesh, which feels like needles pricking in to the skin, and then lick the blood. Therefore, their bites are very painful to the victim. A horsefly bite can be, at times, more irritating than a bee sting.

  • Symptoms of Horsefly Bites
  •  When a horsefly bites, a red lump develops immediately on the skin. The release of histamine from the tissues surrounding the area of the bite causes an itchy and inflamed bump.
  •  A horsefly bite can cause allergies such as skin rashes, wheezing and hives.
  •  It can lead to itchy, pink or red swelling around the lips and eyes as well as weakness and dizziness.
  •  If you notice redness and pus formation, and feel extreme pain in the area of the bite; there are chances of infection. In such a situation, you need to seek medical attention immediately.

How to Treat Horsefly Bites

Understanding treatment options for horsefly bites can help alleviate the pain and prevent infection. Normally, insect bites heal within 2-3 days; but a bite from a horsefly may take longer to heal. You should seek immediate medical care in order to prevent potential infections. Given below are some helpful tips for the treatment of horsefly bites.

  • When you realize that you’ve been bitten by a horsefly, immediately clean the wound using an antiseptic soap and water. Pat dry with a clean, dry paper towel. If that is not possible to do right away, slather it with saliva to stop swelling. Your saliva has healing properties due to the presence of Histatin protein.
  •  If it itches, avoid scratching if you don’t want the bite to get worse and risk infection.
  •  It is advisable to apply a topical hydrocortisone cream or benadryl cream on the area of the bite. This will help reduce the itching and swelling that the bite brings with it.
  •  Application of vinegar or aloe vera juice helps relieve the pain, while application of an ice cube or cooling pad helps reduce the swelling. Other home remedies for the same include baking soda paste, Epsom salt, honey, raw onion or garlic and mud therapy.
  •  After any of the above topical applications, cover the area with a loose gauze bandage. If you experience allergic reactions or difficulty in breathing, your body is probably suffering from an anaphylactic shock. Consult a doctor immediately.

If you live in a marshy or farm area and are having problems with horseflies contact A1 Exterminators today at 1-800-525-4825 for a consulatioan on removing those nasty horseflies.

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/horsefly-bites-and-treatment.html

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> Should We Say Goodbye to Any Bugs You May Have Seen??

Well, the last couple days have been really nice out but the forecast for today and tomorrow seem to bring us back to winter. This last week almost felt like the groundhog was wrong; children were out playing basketball and riding bikes, kids ripping their coats off and parents out for walks. But it doesn’t look the same for this weekend, with possible signs of snow today and tomorrow, any insects that may have roamed around on you porch will be out of sight. But not for long! It looks as of now that all next week will be high 40’s and sunny, will we have an early spring? Keep your eyes open, do you see any ants, bees, maybe ladybugs? Spring is just around the corner, officially 5 ½ weeks away, and the first signs of spring are flowers and insects.
If you want to get an early start with pest control give us a call and we can plan an initial pest prevention survey, http://www.a1exterminators.com/index.html

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> New Method to Control Disease-Carrying Insects

Purdue researchers are discovering the next generation of insecticides directed at disease-carrying insects like mosquitoes, ticks and tsetse flies, which could help professionals in the human health and veterinary sectors.

Catherine A. Hill, associate professor of entomology in the College of Agriculture, and Val J. Watts, professor of medicinal chemistry and molecular pharmacology in the College of Pharmacy, say vector insects – which carry and transmit infectious pathogens or parasites to other living organisms – are developing resistance to insecticides sprayed in the air or embedded in bed nets.

Hill’s background in vector insect biology and Watts’ specialization in molecular pharmacology led them to create an approach that focuses on specific insect genomes, or hereditary information encoded in insect DNA.

Insecticides created through this method may be safer for humans and non-targeted organisms like companion pets and non-vector insects like honey bees. They also may have less impact on the environment.

“Amitriptyline has been prescribed for more than 50 years, and we know human physiology handles it very well: physicians, pharmacists and nurses interact with it without personal protective equipment,” Watts said. “But it kills larvae of the mosquito that spreads yellow fever and dengue fever in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There may be other FDA-approved drugs we didn’t realize can also be insecticides.”

The next steps to develop the genome-centric method are to explore other drugs through an in vivo assay to discover insecticidal or larvicidal properties and identify novel chemicals that affect the targeted receptor of disease-carrying insects. Hill and Watts also are looking to develop private-public partnerships to determine the most effective methods to deliver these insecticides.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46193429/ns/business-press_releases/t/purdue-researchers-look-develop-new-method-control-disease-carrying-insects/

 

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> Spring in February

So the weather was beautiful yesterday and looks to be about the same today so don’t be surprised if you happen to see signs of spring insects soon. No, it’s not spring yet, and yes we still have about 6 more weeks or so of winter according to Punxsutawney Phil, but 6 weeks can fly by. So start to get ready for termites, bedbugs, mice, flies, ants, wasps, roaches, asian lady beetles and lots more. Insects that have over wintered become active and swarm in the spring, especially ants and termites, for starters.

If you have started to see signs of spring insects contact A1 Exterminators today,

http://www.a1exterminators.com/seasonal_pests.html

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